Linux Desktop Managers Comparison



Desktop Environment on Linux, most famous and most widely used. There is a wide range of DE (Desktop Environtment) Linux. Unlike Windows or Mac it looks monotonous just that – that's it. The definition of a Desktop Environment is the display of the graphical interface that connects between a user with a Linux system, or ordinary people call it with the look of the GUI.

By Default, Ubuntu already include Unity as the default view, well if you are bored with the Unity then you can replace the Unity with the other DE GNOME for example, Cinnamon, KDE etc.

In order not to get confused with the multitude DE circulation for Linux, here are a few types of Desktop Environment best and famous or popular among users of the Linux world:



GNOME 3.x
GNOME version 3.x is the next generation GNOME 2.x. At the beginning of his appearance was criticized by DE (even by its own Linux Linus Torvalds) due to the difficulty of customization. But as time went on, GNOME Shell that became the main GNOME shell 3.x this gradually began to be liked much favored because it looks both simple but very good for multitasking.


For own customization can be done by adding the extension can be downloaded at the official site. The use of own resources is arguably fair. About equal to unity (the default Ubuntu). If you want to install can be done with the command:
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

as for multiple applications in GNOME Shell, among others
File Manager: nautilus
Command Line: gnome-terminal
Text Editor: gedit

KDE Plasma Desktop
KDE (Kool Desktop Environtment) is a type of DE famous looks very "wow". But unfortunately a very good display must be paid dearly with his extravagant resources used especially at startup. However, when already running normal DE is not too wasteful of resources.


The latest version of KDE Plasma Desktop is version 5 which was release around the middle of December 2014. For the latest version of this many reviews saying that the KDE version of this light is getting to be used daily. Concurrently with the release of the KDE Plasma Desktop 5, there is a new theme named "Breeze". To install the KDE Plasma Desktop can use the following command:
sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop

as for multiple applications in KDE, among others
The dolphin File Manager:
Command Line: konsole
Text Editor: kate

XFCE
XFCE (XForms Cool Environment) is a desktop environment Linux with the rat are famous for their fast performance and very efficient resources. Since the emergence of the scrutinized GNOME3, Xfce became popular because it has much in common with GNOME 2, especially in terms of customization because XFCE wears the same GTK2 GNOME2 but much lighter so that it fits on the old computer.


Be able to install it using the following command:
sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

the default XFCE applications among others
Thunar File Manager:
Command Line: xfce-terminal
Leafpad Text Editor:

LXDE
LXDE (Lightweight X 11 Desktop Environment) is a very light so DE suitable for old computers, netbooks, or mini-computers like raspberry pi. DE has much in common with the openbox because it arguably LXDE is the openbox fed LX Panel.


To install LXDE on can use the following command:
sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop

as for some of the default LXDE applications among others
PcmanFM File Manager:
Command Line: lxterminal
Leafpad Text Editor:

Cinnamon
Cinnamon is a desktop Linux that is specially developed by the developer of Linux Mint and intended for the Linux Mint Cinnamon. DE Cinnamon was originally a Gnome Shell Extension package named Mint Gnome Shell Extension (MGSE). Then become a fork of Gnome shell with its own Window Manager named Muffin (Gnome Shell using Mutter). Since version 2.0 is already off of the gnome shell and now a DE itself without library from gnome shell.


To install Cinnamon do I execute the following command:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-nightly
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install cinnamon

as for some of the applications contained on Cinnamon among others
File Manager: nemo
Command Line: gnome-terminal
Text Editor: gedit

To run the new DE how log out then click on the icon next to the username of the Ubuntu logo and then select DE to wear and then login.

MATE
Developed by a group of people who failed to move on with GNOME2. Built with GNOME2 source code left by the original developer. Currently the project MATE entered in one of the Linux Mint project. The name MATE itself comes from the name of a South American plant called Yerba mate and tea made from the leaves.


To avoid conflicts with GNOME when installed side by side, some of the default GNOME applications was renamed as the Nautilus became the Caja. To install it just use the following command:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ubuntu-mate-dev/ppa
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ubuntu-mate-dev/trusty-mate
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-mate-core ubuntu-mate-desktop

As for some of the applications contained on Mate, among others
File Manager: caja
Terminal emulator: mate-terminal
Text Editor: pluma

Unity
Unity is a shell that runs above the Desktop Environment GNOME, which was developed by the special Canonical for Ubuntu. Unity on ubuntu at 11 is a plugin of compiz compiz plugin is equal to other.


Only difference with other compiz plugin is unity requires higher hardware capabilities.



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