Ubuntu Server Installation Step By Step




Installation of Ubuntu Server at 14.04
The first step you have to do is insert the CD installer on your server. Don't forget to change the boot priority so that CD/DVD being the first priority boot.

If you perform the installation on a virtual machine, you can associate the new ISO image you downloaded to a vm that you create. Some virtualization software also asks you to enable this ISO relationships, so even though it is defined which will be used for CDS you must enable the use of the CD. By default, the virtual machine's boot priority is still empty will use the CD as the first option.



Selecting The Menu Language Installation.
After the boot process from the installer CD is finished, the first step in installation is to select the language for the installation menu. In this tutorial we'll select the default language that is the english language.


Ubuntu Server CD Installer Menu
After you select a language that you will use during installation you will be exposed on the main menu of the installation. Select Install Ubuntu Server.

Another thing that you can do from this CD installer is doing MASS install Ubuntu Server with MAAS (Metal as a Service), check the condition of the disk in case of malfunction, this is very useful when you use a physical CD.

You can also perform a memory test and repair your Ubuntu Server system using the CD installer.


Select a language for the installation and System
At this stage we will select the language again. If the language previously used only for the initial installation menu language selection, this time will be used to further the process of installation and also the choice of the language will be made the default language system we will install. In this tutorial we will also select the english language.


Choose A Location
On this site you can choose your current location, or the location of the server. If the site server is not the same as the location where you are you can choose one of them.


Keyboard Detection
The ubuntu installer will try to detect the keyobard that you are using. In this tutorial we'll select the keyboard type manually. Select No in this step.


Select Origin Keyboard
Some countries have some of the different keyboard layouts. In this we choose origin keyoard we use. Likely you do not need to change the options in this section, you can use the default choice of English (US).


Select A Keyboard Layout
In this section you can select the Keyboard Layout you want to use. Very likely you don't need to replace this part and choose the default is English (US)


Setting The Hostname
Enter a hostname for your system. hostname is just the full domain name without your system. for example if the full name or known by the FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) of the server you are kenzie.kenzierider.com, then in this part of your server's hostname is kenzie.


Enter The User Information
The Setting Of The User's Full Name
Enter the full name of the user, you can enter the full name of the same information with your username. Your username will be configured in the next step.


Setting a username
Setting your first user username. You need to remember that the first user is not root but the user that you will use everyday. This user will automatically have the right administration of the system, could do a sudo to perform commands require root privilege.


Setting Password
Setting a password for the user you created earlier


Re-enter Password
Reconfirm the password you entered earlier to ensure that the password you entered.


Encrypting Home Directories
Disk encryption will add to the security of the data on your system, when a lot of important and confidential data or you are in a highly deregulated industries such as finance or banking is very likely you need to encrypt home directory on your system.

Check also the regulation of the industry so you can encrypt home directory system required by regulation of the Government.


Setting Timezone
This section is the setting of the time zone or time zone will be selected. The installer will try to detect your location and offer the appropriate timezone. If the timezone is offered right you simply choose Yes.


The Configuration Partition
There are four ways the configuration partition can be done by the Ubuntu installer.
  • Guided – use entire disk. This will make the installer automatically partition on your harddrive without LVM (Logical Volume Management).
  • Guided – use entire disk and set up LVM. This option is also asking the installer automatically partition but by creating the LVM.
  • Guided – use entire disk and set up encrypted LVM. Piihan is similar to the previous option except that LVM is in encryption.
  • Manual. This option requires that you define the partitions manually.
In this tutorial we will use the second option is Guided – use entire disk and set up LVM


Select a Disk for the partition
Select the disk that you will use for the installation. If there is more than one disk make sure you choose the correct disk.


Disk Partition Configuration Confirmation
Confirm the configuration of the disk partition that you will use to perform the installation of Ubuntu Server at 14.04


Setting the size of the Disk for the partition
Sets the size of the disk that can be used by the installer automatically partition Ubuntu Server. You can select the entire space that are on your disk or only partially, be sure you have considered the use of current and future plans.


Confirmation Of The Final Partition
Final confirmation you need to do before the installer to partition the disk according your request. If you're sure you select Yes.


System Installation
The installer will install and configure the Linux kernel for your Ubuntu Server System.


Proxy Configuration
This configuration is not always you need, depending on your network conditions of the surroundings. If you are not sure you can ask the Network Administrator in the Office/campus you. If you do not have to use a proxy you can empty the proxy column and choose Continue.


Information behind the scenes
This is not the page to be part of the installation process. If you want to see what process behind screens or logs you can press CTRL + ALT + F4. The look you'll get approximately as below. To return to the installation you can press CTRL + ALT + F1


Configuration Update
In this section you will choose if you will turn off auto update, install security updates automatically or administer this server using the Landscape. If this is a production server, I recommend to enable the automatic update for security update.


Choose Software
On this page you can choose the software or any software that you want to install on your Ubuntu server. You can choose according to your needs, this tutorial will only choose OpenSSH server, the purpose is to make the system installed spring minimalist as possible and only install the OpenSSH server with destination so we can do a remote login to Ubuntu server administers it.


Installing A Bootloader
The bootloader is the first application will be loaded by the system. Ubuntu using GRUB as the default boot loader. GRUB stands for GRand Unified Bootloader. The bootloader can be used to select which operating system that you will use in your system has more than one operating system, for example, dual boot Windows and Linux.

For Ubuntu Server if you use this server to a real Server, I mean not just to learn or experiment you should still install GRUB. GRUB can be beneficial to select the kernel version you choose when there is more than one kernel installed on your Ubuntu Server System.


Installation of Ubuntu Server at 14 Completed
Installation of Ubuntu Server at 14 completed. Select Continue.


Complete The Installation Process
There is no option on this page, this process only shows the last process installer installation.


Bootloader Ubuntu Server at 14.04
After the installation process is finished, the installer will be rebooting your computer. After the boot process has finished you will be faced with the bootloader GRUB menu.

The default option will bring you to the ubuntu system you just install. You don't have to choose because the bootloader have the option timeout so that after so many seconds the default options will be taken.

Other options on this page are advanced options where you can enter manual option boot Ubuntu. Memory test or memtest you can use to do the checking of memory on your server if you suspect there is damage in your memory


Login Prompt Ubuntu Server at 14.04
After the boot process is completed you will be faced with Linux on Ubuntu login prompt at 14. Here you can enter the username you created on the installation process and the password you set during installation.


Ubuntu Server console at 14.04
If the login is successful you will get into a console or terminal Ubuntu Server at 14. You can now install the additional applications for your server according to your needs or plans the use of this server.


After this server is ready for you to install additional packages according to your needs or use of your new Ubuntu server install.


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