The operating system is a type of program that is created to manage the hardware resources on the computer, and functioned as a place to provide public service software applications.
The operating system is a type of software in the computer system. Where without the operating system, users could not run application programs on the computer, unless the application is booted. The operating system also has systematically scheduling consists of in memory usage, process data, data storage, and other resources.
Where the operating system is here acts as an intermediary between the software with the hardware, as well as vice versa. Although in their execution normally application code directly executed by hardware and will contact the operating system if it is disconnected.
Until recently, there's been pretty much all kinds of operating systems that is circulating. Where each type of operating system has advantages and disadvantages so that users can choose which operating system release in accordance with their needs.
What is linux? Linux is the operating system of UNIX bebasis one example of the results of the development of free software (Freeware) and open source (Open Source), the average user of the Linux OS is a Programmer to create a program and also a developer for develop applications more easily.
Advantages Of Linux Operating System
Linux can be obtained easily even free (free) without the need to pay license and user and can can download the source code of Linux. Even if you want to see this OS could also be because linux is both Free and Open Source Software, in other words, linux can be developed by anyone.
In performing the installation of linux, usually all the hardware can be directly detected and already include the shared application that supports OS Linux. So that once installed, the application can be directly used. Thus you do not need to install other hardware drivers songs such as VGA, chipset, and motherboard, soundcard.
Linux is also available a fairly complete collection of software, where the software is typically required for desktop, laptop/notebook and PC servers. When the time of install, the software turns out to be nothing less, thus users can add easily through software repository which already provided. But there are some software on linux which requires to install some windows applications on linux like crossover and wine.
Linux proved to be reliable and stable. This is the reason why many servers that use the linux OS as compared to the other OS. Even after you have finished the configuration of the system, the user does not need to restart (warm boot).
Of the many types of operating system, Linux is the OS that is secure against viruses, because in addition to the amount of the virus in this OS is very minimal, linux OS do very strict security management so that it will normally make viruses are not capable of operating/running on Linux OS, so users can instantly remove viruses easily via the delete key.
Linux also has the capability of doing a defect or bug fixes very quickly. This is because Linux is developed by a community of linux, the linux community can give advice and doing bug fixes or defects with through documentation.
Shortage Of Linux Operating System
Linux is lacking support from hardware manufacturers in terms of controllers (drivers). So it requires a linux developers to make this driver control system.
Linux is also less support from some of the makers of the Game. So while gaming on linux gaming not display full screen.
Linux still there is some software that can only be run on other operating systems and yet there is a replacement for the open source software on the Linux OS.
There is a whole range of Linux operating systems, such as debian linux (OS for servers), Redhat Linux (easy installation for beginners), SuSe linux (the linux OS that supports the English language). For more details refer to some kinds of Linux operating system below:
Types Of Linux Operating System
1. Red Hat Linux
If you guys are looking for the kinds of Linux operating system that processes installed it is very easy to do. Then the answers you guys are Redhat Linux. Operas RedHat Linux system is one of the GNU/Linux belongs to the old one, offers convenience, fully graphic display mode started during installation, and friendly usage.
The last version of the distribution is Red Hat RedHat Linux 9.0, this is a stable version and fixes as well as the improvement of the administration system, equipped with the latest desktop manager such as KDE and GNOME 2.2 3.1 and latest applications such as graphics GIMP 1.2.3, OpenOffice, KOffice, application diagrams, Multimedia Player, etc.
2. Debian Linux
Debian is one type of various Linux operating systems which have long existed since year 1999 and then and continue to be developed on a regular basis every year until now have entered the version 8.
If you are looking for a suitable operating system for the server computer or to a computer admin. Then the answer is a Debian Linux operating systems because the operating system is indeed fit when in use as the admin server or computer.
Types of Linux operating system this one is less suitable for personal purposes because its function is more reserved on the use of the computer server system and admin.
3. Ubuntu Linux
Ubuntu is a Linux operating system type that essentially developed from Debian. The difference is the ubuntu operating system can be used not only on the server computer and the computer admin alone but may also be suitable for use on personal computers or personal. Ubuntu's own project funded by Canonical Ltd (company belonging to Mark Shuttleworth).
Since then, Canonical has released a new version of Ubuntu every 6 months. Each release is supported for 18 months to update the system, security, and errors (bugs). Every 2 years (version xx. 04 x with even numbers) will be getting Long Term Support (LTS), for 3 years for the desktop and server editions for 5 years.
Even in the latest version are also conditioned to use the device a smartphone. Therefore, this type of Linux operating system is becoming the most widely used of the various Linux operating systems. On October 31, 2011, Mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 14.04 will support Smartphones, tablets, and smart TV.
4. Linux Mint
If Ubuntu is a Debian development of yesteryear, then Linux Mint can be arguably the grandson of Debian due to developed on the basis of Ubuntu. Linux Mint is an operating system developed for the purpose of personal use or personal (PC) and is divided into two variants i.e. CINNAMON and MATE.
CINNAMON is OS Linux Mint which is more modern than Linux weaknesses however MATE, less stable than Linux Linux MATE, CINNAMON also has not been much support graphics cards on multiple computers or laptops.
5. Fedora Linux
Fedora (formerly known as Fedora Core, sometimes called also with Fedora Linux) is a Linux-based distro RPM and yum, developed by the Fedora Project is supported by a community of programmers and sponsored by Red Hat. The most recent version of Fedora is 24.
Fedora is rated 24 has many advantages both from the side of the platform and version of the application, such as a ' Glitch-Free ' to PulseAudio, System Security, auditing and Intrusion-Detection Sectool, PackageKit-Framework. However Fedora has drawbacks, among others, seteratur not update Ubuntu due to the type and the process of its development.
6. SuSE Linux
SuSE Linux operating system is the most interest in and in use in most European countries. Though many in use by most Europeans there. Designer look fresher as well as ease in his client to manage make more value for the Linux operating system on this one.
This SuSE Linux operating systems can also use the language of Indonesia as one of the languages in use in the computer operating system on this one. With a choice of language Indonesia, of course provides convenience to operate a computer.
7. CentOS Linux
CentOS is an enterprise operating system built with Linux framework. CentOS operating system was first released in 2004 and is one of the biggest and popular among Linux users. CentOS can be used and developed for free, CentOS is not intended for beginners.
However CentOS dedicated server for the users of yg has more knowledge, have the capability of use of Linux, as well as users who are able to do computer programming, and also knows the system and the applications that are running at the moment.
8. Slackware Linux
Slackware is the oldest in comparison to various other Linux operating systems, created by Patrick Volkerding. Slackware was originally was a personal project, and in order not to be serious, Patrick named this project "slack" of the Church of the SubGenius means a situation where someone is using energy seminim likely to live.